In 1941, in response to the permission to use the Vichy French bases in Syria against England in the United Kingdom Iraq seizes Syria. Parts of the "Free French" involved in the British Army operations. After Dakar, this was the second major operation allies against the French Vichy army, which at that time against Great Britain and de Gaulle fought a large part of future pilots "Normandy-Niemen", in particular future Hero of the Soviet Union, Jacques Andre. There has been a success on the Allied side. June 21, 1941 surrendered to Damascus. General Catroux was appointed High Commissioner of France in the Levant and in the name of de Gaulle recognized the independence of Syria and Lebanon. French part, the British got to, got a choice - return to Vichy, or stand on the side of de Gaulle. Many chose to return to Vichy, considering it less shameful than the British service. Of those who agreed to go to Charles de Gaulle, began to form part of the "Free French", which is entirely in the whole depended on the British. De Gaulle was sufficient material and technical base for the organization of combat-ready units. However, the French showed open discontent England as British commanders do not trust them.