A major role in the consolidation of the liberal opposition forces played the "Liberation" magazine, which began publication in Stuttgart, edited by PB Struve. In November 1903 in Moscow hosted the Congress agrarian leaders - supporters of a constitutional monarchy, decided to create the Union of Zemstvo Constitutionalists. In the summer of 1903 in Switzerland, held a meeting Zemstvo group, founded and subsidized "Liberation", as well as former legal Marxists and populists (Berdyaev, Bulgakov, E.D.Kuskova et al.). The meeting agreed on the need to establish in Russia an illegal organization, able to unite the opponents of autocracy. In January 1904, in St. Petersburg was the founding congress of the organization, which became known as the liberation of the Union. Liberationists tried, though without much success, to cooperate with the revolutionary parties. In the fall of 1904 in Paris hosted a conference attended by representatives of various revolutionary and opposition forces. In addition to the Osvobozhdeniye in the conference was attended by the Socialist-Revolutionaries, and the delegates of a number of national parties. A major role in preparing the conference has played, in particular, the Finnish opposition, which has received financial support of the Japanese government, sought in the conditions of the war with the Russian autocracy to create internal political difficulties. Paris Conference Solutions did not have much practical value. However, the very fact of its holding testified significant radicalization of positions of Russian liberals.